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Imagine you are starting a small business. (Maybe you wouldn’t imagine.) After a year of hard work, you want to check the finances of your company. Income comes from sales, but income also comes in the form of property purchases and monthly payments. How do you find out your financial situation? How do you know how much money is coming and going and what you have left?

 One way is to use the indirect financial statement method. With this method, you can accurately determine how much you spend and bring in, how much money you should have on hand, and get a good idea of ​​the stability of your business income over time. 

What is a financial statement?

Statement of Cash Flows (CFS) is a financial statement that summarizes the cash and cash equivalents (CCE) coming in and going out of the business during the accounting period. It measures the company’s ability to pay its expenses, which is useful for planning and organizing short-term and long-term projects. Along with the balance sheet and the income statement, the income statement is one of the three main financial statements that help determine the financial health of a business. 

The financial system is measured by subtracting money from money. In other words, it is the difference between investment and investment. A financial statement usually includes three main elements: 

  1. Functional behavior. Money is spent or earned through a primary business activity, such as providing a product or service. 
  2. Investment services. Money that has been used or received from the purchase or sale of long-term assets and other investments not included in the financial balance, ie securities, loans and expenses. 
  3. Fundraising events. Funds are invested or acquired through financial instruments such as equity, shares and debt. 

Your financial situation can be positive or negative, depending on your income and expenses. If you are paying well, you can use the excess money in investments or investments or put it in your savings. If your money is not good, you can go to people who can invest money or put in your money to settle your books.

 What is the indirect method of financial statements?

In general terms, the indirect method is a way to calculate the cash flow using transactions to determine payments and expenses rather than cash. This indirect method measures how much money a business has earned or spent from various sources over a period of time. It helps assess the current or relative financial health and stability of a business and whether it has the cash to grow and invest in other investments.

 The indirect cash flow method calculates the cash flow by converting net income to the difference in non-cash transactions. It starts with the net income of the company and lists the cash flows, received and paid, for different activities (that is the three types of cash flows: operating, investment and income). These activities are added or subtracted from the company’s net income to determine the final increase or decrease in its income during the specified period. 

The indirect method is calculated using a sum of money. With accounting, money is recorded when it is received rather than when it is received, that is when the sale takes place and not when the money reaches the bank account. If a landscaping company that charges $30 an hour charges a customer for four hours, in financial terms, it would record a revenue of $120 before the money changes hands. This system allows the business to be accountable for all income and credit sales, which provides a clear picture of the financial health of the business. 

Lack of understanding and indirect methods 

Although the indirect method is easy to prepare, it is not transparent. It can be difficult to keep track of what has been paid and what has not, which means that it is not always representative of the company’s cash flow. In addition, since all financial statements are calculated within a quarter or fiscal year, they only provide a small picture of a company’s financial health, making it difficult to reach a conclusion over time.

Direct investment method vs. indirect investment strategy 

The continuous investment process includes all investments and outflows from operating activities. Instead of accounting, it uses cash flow accounting, which recognizes income when money is received and expenses when it is paid, providing immediate insight into cash inflows and outflows. The cost system accounts for these payments and expenses in the same way as the indirect system in determining the amount of money of the business.

 The exact process is simple and easy, but it can take time, because it requires a review of expenses and money that is paid and which is not – one of the reasons why many large companies -choose the method.

Using an indirect method to prepare the cash flow statement can seem difficult. Breaking the cycle can help.

  1. Get the necessary documents 

Gathering information about your company’s finances is a very important first step. This includes two other basic financial statements: the balance sheet, which shows assets and liabilities, and the income statement, which lists expenses and income.

  1. List the net income from the income statement 

Take your business net from the income statement and enter it on the first line of the income statement. This is also where you add adjustments for money, such as property price reductions, which you can factor into the odds. 

  1. List the income and non-operating activities 

List your business income and expenses and non-cash expenses, line by line. These usually include things like accounts receivable, asset sales, or depreciation.

  1. List the investment program 

List, line by line, the money gained or lost when you buy or sell stocks, securities or loans.

  1. List fundraising activities 

List, line by line, the income or loss from your business through investment strategies such as equity, dividends and debt.

  1. Read the collection 

Invest in non-financial services, investing and investing. If the resulting sum is negative, subtract it from the original net number. If it is good, add it to the net income number. 

  1. Show the ending balance 

The result of this subtraction or addition is your net income. A good number shows that your business is doing well, making more money than it did during the period in question. If your business has poor cash flow, you may be spending more than you can afford, which may not be sustainable in the long run.

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